How can I convert from a two-tailed to a one-tailed test?

Two-sample t test with equal variances ------------------------------------------------------------------------------ Group | Obs Mean Std. Err. Std. Dev. [95% Conf. Interval] ---------+-------------------------------------------------------------------- male | 91 50.12088 1.080274 10.30516 47.97473 52.26703 female | 109 54.99083 .7790686 8.133715 53.44658 56.53507 ---------+-------------------------------------------------------------------- combined | 200 52.775 .6702372 9.478586 51.45332 54.09668 ---------+-------------------------------------------------------------------- diff | -4.869947 1.304191 -7.441835 -2.298059 ------------------------------------------------------------------------------ Degrees of freedom: 198 Ho: mean(male) - mean(female) = diff = 0 Ha: diff < 0 Ha: diff != 0 Ha: diff > 0 t = -3.7341 t = -3.7341 t = -3.7341P < t = 0.0001 P > |t| = 0.0002 P > t = 0.9999

To get the p-value for the one-tailed test of the variable science (assuming that the effect is going in the predicted direction, which you can tell by the sign of the coefficient), you would divide the .008 by 2, yielding .004. If you had made your prediction in the opposite direction, the p-value would have been 1 - .004 = .996.Source | SS df MS Number of obs = 200 -------------+------------------------------ F( 2, 197) = 46.58 Model | 7363.62077 2 3681.81039 Prob > F = 0.0000 Residual | 15572.5742 197 79.0486001 R-squared = 0.3210 -------------+------------------------------ Adj R-squared = 0.3142 Total | 22936.195 199 115.257261 Root MSE = 8.8909 ------------------------------------------------------------------------------ socst | Coef. Std. Err. t P>|t| [95% Conf. Interval] -------------+---------------------------------------------------------------- science | .2191144 .0820323 2.67 0.008 .0573403 .3808885 math | .4778911 .0866945 5.51 0.000 .3069228 .6488594 _cons | 15.88534 3.850786 4.13 0.000 8.291287 23.47939 ------------------------------------------------------------------------------

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